Paradox are marching on Civilization and Humankind with new 4X Millennia

Paradox Interactive and new indie team C-Prompt have announced their debut 4X strategy game Millennia, which I got to play for an hour at this year’s Gamescom. With development being led by former Irrational Games co-founder Robert Fermier and Age Of Empires II lead designer Ian M Fischer, Millennia will see you attempting that classic quad of Xs across ten distinct historical ages, starting in the Stone Age before eventually ending up in a “post-modern future”, designer Ben Friedman tells me.

The twist here, however, is that you’ve also got what C-Prompt are calling ‘Variant Ages’, which let you bend the timeline to your will. Some of these variants are more historical in nature, such as an Age Of Monuments where everyone’s building Egyptian pyramids, Friedman explains, while others are more fantastical, with the words steampunk, alchemy and space alien invasions all mentioned in the same sentence. I had a good time with it during my demo, but the real delight was seeing my home army of Kyoto go and invade neighbouring settlement Telford, before going on to conquer Rome – as you do. So if historical melting pots are your kind of 4X jam, read on.

I started my demo in the Age Of Iron, which Friedman tells me is the third historical age in the game. Ordinarily, you’d need to fulfil certain Research criteria before you could move into the next available Age – either a historical one or one of the available Variants – but in my demo, we weren’t aiming for one its interesting-sounding Variant Ages. Rather, the objective was to force me into one of Millennia’s ‘Crisis Ages’ instead – with our particular goal here being the Age Of Plague. What fun!

“If you’re not paying attention or making bad decisions, some of these crises will come up and you’ll be forced to deal with [them],” Friedman says. In this case, my region (and title city) of Kyoto had been neglecting its sanitation for a long time, presumably because we were too busy fending off my hostile Roman and Barbarian neighbours. Alas, I only just about got there by the time by demo ended, so I didn’t get to see exactly what effects I’d have to deal with, but other crises include the altogether more apocalyptic-sounding Age Of Floods, he tells me, or the (possibly) more light-hearted sounding Age of Luddites, where technology has been rejected by your people. Thankfully, these Crisis Ages aren’t permanent. You can work to get out of them and into a newer, brighter kind of age, and you’ll receive several warnings that things are starting to go off the rails long before your crisis kicks off in earnest.

An overhead map view of Bordeaux, surrounded by fog of war in Millennia
Image credit: Paradox Interactive

An overhead map view of a pillaged town in Millennia

An overhead view of a modern city scene in Millennia

Image credit: Paradox Interactive

Obviously in single-player mode, you’ll only have yourself to blame when you slip into of these disaster periods, but when you’re 4X-ing against others, it’s a whole different ball game. “When you go into one of these Ages, it sets the timeline for everyone in the game, so the first person to set the Age guides the historical timeline of your game,” he says – and that applies to both crises and variant ages.

It’s not just these diverging histories that C-Prompt are hoping will set Millennia apart, though. Each civilisation also has a ‘National Spirit’ to help define their style and personality. Friedman mentions options such as ‘German engineering’ and ‘French cuisine’, which are “dynamic choices” you can make at the start of a game. Again, I didn’t get to explore these in too much detail during my demo as it was a pre-made scenario, but I’m hopeful they won’t run into too many crass stereotypes.

The National Spirits menu in Millennia
Image credit: Paradox Interactive

You see, more Spirits will become available as you advance through the Ages, and you can see from the screenshot above that you can have Spartans and Raiders as special warfare units, or Olympians to enhance your diplomacy, for example. Friedman also gives the example that you could be quite traditional and play as the Japanese, who have a samurai unit unlocked from the get-go, or you could, in theory, play as the British instead, and end up getting the samurai later. “It’s really up to you on what choices you need to make to win the game, but also what kind of stories you like to tell.”

Ultimately, Millennia’s main goal seems to be simply being flexible, and letting you drill right down into the details of your civilisation, which I could see quite plainly in how it approached its economy and its supply chains. “In other games, if you build a forester or a wood cutter, you’ll just get some production out of that,” Friedman continues. “In our game, if you build a wood cutter, you get logs, and logs are worth production, but logs can also be sent to a saw pit, which gets you additional, compounded bonus production on top of that. Or you can send logs off to a paper maker, which gets you paper, which is a kind of intermediary towards getting books, which could be knowledge, or faith-based or administrative documents. Or you could send your logs off to a wood crafter and get arts experience. So lots of our resources have their own personal character to them.”

Food, by contrast, is “more linear”, but goes deeper in how it’s used and produced, echoing the kind of step-by-step processes you might find in something like The Settlers. You have wheat that you can send to the flour mill, which then goes to the bakery and so on. “That allows for a lot of strategic decision making on ‘what’s the best way to use my terrain?’ and ‘how can I be flexible when the ages are changing?’ and ‘what suits my national spirit strategies?'” says Friedman. You’ll need to accrue improvement points before you can start constructing these buildings on individual hexes, however, and make sure you’ve got enough workers to allocate them to each individual job, completing what Friedman calls “the trifecta to getting production out of your region”.

The Bronze Age research menu in Millennia
Image credit: Paradox Interactive

The same kind of strategic thinking can be applied to your armies, which move as a single force, but are comprised of individual units you can swap in and out at will, or pull out completely to operate as independent units. In one of my starter armies, for example, I have a non-combatant pioneer in there, who would be put to much better use by sending them off alone to go and create outposts in unclaimed hexes and start expanding my territory in my push north.

When dealing with hostile nations, such as my angry Roman neighbours, fights will mostly take place on open fields, as you’ll need to declare war on a nation before stepping inside their claimed hexes. Battles are conducted in rounds, switching to an optional Advance Wars/Wargroove-style screen where units line up on either side of the battlefield and go at each other for three turns. You don’t have to sit through these blow-by-blow reproductions of each scrap if you don’t want to, though, as various tooltips will flag in advance the likelihood of you winning and losing, and you’ll also get a summary at the end of what actually happened in the RNG. Each unit has two bars to keep track of as well: their HP and their morale, the latter of which you can break and force them to retreat, ending the combat scenario early. In these cases, they’re forced back a few tiles on the world map, too, allowing you to move into whatever tile they were occupying initially as you chase them down.

Units heal a little bit every turn when they’re outside your borders, but they’ll replenish their stats much faster inside friendly territory, and I found it was often beneficial to keep a stack of troops sitting inside one of my vassal towns as enemies started pulling menacing faces outside my walls. We’d take the fight to them, and then go back home and heal once they were dealt with. Attacking ends that unit’s turn, too, so you’ll want to make sure you’ve moved into a good position before taking an axe to your foe.

The building menu in Millennia

An event menu in Millennia

Image credit: Paradox Interactive

Naturally, this being a 4X game, you’ll probably want to declare war at some point, which you can do through the diplomacy menu. Unlocking envoys gives you some more interesting options here, such as sending gifts, threatening them or turn minor nations in vassals, for example, but these weren’t available in my demo, so I just went ahead and declared full war on Rome. After razing a few of their farms and pestering them with the business end of my warbands’ spears, they eventually sued for peace. I could have continued the war if I’d wanted, you know, for full domination, but the longer your warriors spend inside enemy lines, the more unrest you’ll have to deal with – which was starting to get quite high in my primary army. Accepting their offer seemed the best option here, and doing so allowed me to claim their city and push them further east.

But what is research and war in a 4X without culture? Friedman describes Millennia’s specific Culture powers as “major historical events”, and you’ll only get to use these once in a while – whenever you fill up your culture bar, effectively. However, play them at the right moment and they could be quite transformative, such as enacting government reforms, creating a new town, or drafting a new army. In my demo, I decided to turn one of the outposts I’d set up with my pioneer into a proper town, allowing me to expand my territory further and start adding more population to it.

The Spartan Spirit menu screen in Millennia
Image credit: Paradox Interactive

In addition to these, you also have Domain powers, which are split into Government, Exploration, Warfare, Engineering and Diplomacy (and later Arts, if you decide to follow that path). Domains sit below Research and Culture on the left side of the screen, and accumulating experience points in these areas grants you special powers you can use to give yourself boosts at opportune moments. Exploration, for example, can be accrued simply by using your scouts to discover landmarks – and when you’ve got this many disparate nations, cities and cultures all jostling together in one big 4X pot, it means Mount Fuji could technically be sitting right next to The Grand Canyon, say. These meters will tap out when they’re full, though, so you’re encouraged to make regular use of them compared to Culture.

This is really just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to Millennia’s interlocking systems, though, and there’s so much more to this game than I could ever hope to cover in a single preview. There are lots more nitty gritty details – or “crunchy strategy” bites, as Friedman likes to call them – to dig into on the road to release, such as its tech trees, unit upgrades, and all the effects of its various Variant and Crisis Ages, and it’s great to see another turn-based historical 4X emerge on the scene to rival the juggernauts of Civilization, Humankind, Old World and the like. Millennia is currently slated to arrive on PC in 2024, and I look forward to charting its progress – Variants, Crises and all – in the months ahead.

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